Aluminium’s use plays an essential role in improving transport efficiencies, reducing energy consumption and global greenhouse gas emissions, improving product longevity and reducing demand on natural resources. But of course, any aluminium production starts with the mining of bauxite ore.
Mining activity comes with inherent challenges and potential environmental and social impacts associated with land-use change. At Guinea Alumina Corporation (GAC), we believe that rigorous, robust and innovative management is essential to ensure the responsible production of bauxite.
Strong corporate governance, a focus on environmental performance and a commitment to making positive contributions to society are all part of our culture at GAC. But there are always improvements we can make.
All our activities in the Republic of Guinea are aligned with the International Finance Corporation’s Sustainability Framework. As a wholly-owned subsidiary of Emirates Global Aluminium, we aspire to be measured among the world’s most responsible mining companies in everything we do.
Prior to the start of construction, our Social and Environmental Impact Assessment (SEIA) confirmed that our mine concession area, rail corridor and port areas are within close proximity to, and partially intersect, important areas for wildlife.
Our biodiversity conservation work is documented, published and governed through our Biodiversity Management Plan prepared in accordance with IFC Performance Standards and includes a commitment to achieve no net loss and positive gain for critical habitats.
So far in our mine concession area we have restored 70,250 square metres, planting more than 1,000 trees and over 1,000,000 stands of vetiver bunchgrass. We have also built 350 metres of rocky sills to minimise sediment loading during the rainy season.
At the port area we have established a green belt around our port platform to create a natural dust filter and minimise the fugitive distribution of dust. This included the rehabilitation of a 42,300 square metre area with 1,000 trees and more than 500,000 stands of grass species. The tree species selected are both native and are well adapted for capturing airborne particles given their hairy leaves.
Plant species used during our restoration programme are all native to the area and produced by our own local nursery.
At GAC, activities with potential environmental impacts are overseen by a dedicated team of in-house environmental specialists. Working together, our operations and environment teams are responsible for managing all necessary controls, monitoring plans and audits plus finding opportunities for improvement.
Potential environmental impacts from the development and operation of our mine, rail and port have been identified through a detailed environmental and social impact assessment. This was prepared in accordance with the Equator Principles, the International Finance Corporation Performance Standards and regulatory requirements of the Guinean government.
Site activities are managed through a project-specific Social and Environmental Management Plan which is complemented by a series of detailed plans for air quality, biodiversity, dredging, noise control, soil management, waste management, water management, rehabilitation and reforestation.
Our activities are monitored by an independent third party to ensure that we are meeting all our commitments under the International Finance Corporation Performance Standards and the Equator Principles.